Published on January 1, 2023

Should I stay, or should I go? Anybody who has ever experienced this dilemma will know how difficult it can be to leave a partner whose drinking has become unmanageable. Being in a relationship with an alcoholic is painful, scary, and difficult to handle. How to leave an alcoholic partner is a difficult question to ask, and answer.

Extricating yourself from a relationship with an alcohol dependent partner is complex: the ties and traps are intricate and the temptation to go back might feel overwhelming.

As dependence increases behaviour deteriorates and the ensuing anxiety can make it extremely difficult to know what to do. By the time leaving becomes the only sensible option most alternatives have been tried – sometimes repeatedly – and the merry go round goes on. Often the drinking partner is:

  • Lying about or hiding alcohol use;
  • Unable to stop or control their drinking;
  • Neglecting responsibilities;
  • Behaving erratically and sometimes aggressively – maybe in front of children;
  • Manipulating people and situations;
  • Promising to quit or regulate but unable to carry it out consistently;
  • Unable in general, to sustain a healthy relationship.

How to leave an alcoholic partner – the process

Stages 

Leaving someone you’ve loved (and maybe still do) tends to take place in stages. Denial exists for you too. Your thoughts of moving out may have been triggered by a dramatic event (domestic abuse, child neglect, police intervention) or by an unpleasant atmosphere leading to frequent arguments, but this is the person that you have loved, supported, and encouraged for so long, and they have slipped into a lifestyle that you could not have imagined possible at the onset of your relationship: it’s become your worst nightmare. After each alarming ‘episode’ contrition will be shown and in the ensuing inquest promises made. At the time these are agonisingly heart felt and you believe them because you want to: the alternatives are too much 
to bear. For a period of time positive changes might be made but after a while you get to understand that there will always be a next time. It’s time to leave. The resolve is strong, but the process is frightening.

Pre-contemplation: ‘this happens to other people’. A time when you would never contemplate leaving your partner.

Contemplation: ‘it’s happening and maybe I need to go’. The evidence begins to mount up and leaving becomes an option.

Decision: ‘I may not know how I’m going to do it, but I need to need to go’. An event or an accumulation of events provides the evidence you need to make the decision to leave. It’s overwhelming

Action: ‘I’m leaving’. You make the break.

Maintenance: Making sure you stay ‘gone’. Work on personal growth, self-worth and developing the skills necessary to protect yourself and your children. Starting afresh.

How to leave an alcoholic partner -sabotage, Traps And Tips 

For some it’s hard to stay away. The ‘pull’ might come from your remorseful spouse who knows how fragile your resolve can be. They may be skilled in the art of manipulation and know precisely which buttons to press. You, however, are just as likely to sabotage your new-found freedom. The monkey on your back will try everything to convince you to give it one more chance…

The children need us to stay together. Separating will destroy them. No, they are better off right now with you apart. They have been exposed to a toxic situation that they don’t need or deserve. You have a wonderful opportunity to get stability back into their lives’

If I love them more, they’ll stop drinking. Not true – their drinking behaviour is their responsibility not yours.

Remember why you left.

It’s my fault that they’re unhappy. No, it’s not. You are not responsible for another’s feelings.

What will our friends think? Your real friends won’t judge you. They just want you to be happy.

How will my partner cope with me leaving? That’s not your responsibility. You’ve given as much as you can. It’s time to look after yourself.

How will I cope? By managing things, a day at a time and not projecting your worries too far into the future.

Co-dependency. If you have a tendency to rely on your partner for validation, happiness and self-worth, or struggle to express your needs within the relationship, you may be somewhere on the co-dependent spectrum. These patterns of behaviour are difficult to recognise and more so to acknowledge as they are likely to have their roots in childhood. They are typically associated with exposure to addiction, abuse and trauma. Co- dependents often struggle to leave unhealthy relationships and for this reason the subject is worthy of note. Much has been written about co-dependency and, if necessary, it can be revisited further down the road to recovery.

Asking for help and setting boundaries 

Leaving is a major step but how you move forward will depend on the changes you make and their consolidation. Accessing your GP is a good place to start and breaks your secret: they will connect you to the appropriate local services who in turn will help you design a care plan. It will be imperative to set new and firm boundaries so that your children (whoever they are with) and your ex know exactly where they stand.

Alcohol Services will offer:

Ongoing Support: counselling and or family work.

Introduction to self-help groups: Al-anon and Families Anonymous and link in with others who are going through the same as you. Friendship, identification, and discovering that you are not alone will be a huge relief. These groups are free.

A legal expert will offer:

Advice on your rights around the relationship, your children and access.

Mediation if deemed appropriate.

Conclusion 

As a legal substance and our society’s current drug of choice, alcohol tends to avoid the negative stigma so strongly associated with other substances. This is unfortunate as its misuse kills more people annually than heroin and all too often has a catastrophic effect on children and the wider family. Adult children of alcoholics are particularly vulnerable to repeating their parent’s patterns.

Extricating yourself from a relationship with an alcohol dependent partner is complex: the ties and traps are intricate and the temptation to go back might feel overwhelming. Denial, fear, guilt and shame will conspire to keep you in the mire and undermine your every step, but keep going because your other options are horribly limited. Making the break will be the foundation of your own recovery, and a chance to start afresh. After a while you will have a different perspective and increased energy to deal with the issues arising and in time you will decide whether to keep the door open or exit the relationship for good.

The realisation that your alcoholic partner is responsible for themselves allows you to concentrate on what’s best for you and – if you have them with you – your children. Removing yourself from the toxicity of the relationship is your passport to freedom and in all likelihood the best move you will ever make.

Luke Chester-Master contributed to ‘Separating With Children 101’, 3rd edition, (Bath Publishing, 2023).

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Friends And Family

How important are friends and family in a separation or divorce? Maybe you are reading this as a friend or relation of someone close to you who is separating? If you are, you may already be aware just what an important yet difficult 'job' you have in front of you. Playing the part of a shoulder to lean on, focusing on listening and validating your friend's emotions without emphasising your own judgments or opinions is possibly one of the most valuable things you can do for a friend.

Friends can find your separation difficult and confusing.

It can sometimes be very difficult for friends and family to navigate friendships after a separation or divorce. It can be be awkward on both sides of a friendship after a breakup. Couple friends may feel like they are being asked to take sides or bad mouth your ex-partner when they’re not around. It's important where possible to stay neutral rather than take sides. The role all friends and family play in any separation or divorce is crucial in helping people move on with their lives in a positive, purposeful way. We hope you find some useful words of wisdom on this site, much has been written by people who have been through it themselves and who offer advice and tips to help you navigate your role in supporting your friend or family member.

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